Sunday, March 30, 2014

Regular Exercise and Circulation

Regular exercise has a positive effect on blood circulation and overall health.Why is Proper Blood Circulation Important?

Blood circulation is important to maintain a healthy body. Our body is composed of cells, tissues, and organs, and each one needs oxygen and proper nutrients to perform their functions normally. 

The heart is the main component of the cardiovascular system that is assigned to make sure this is done. Along with the lungs and blood vessels, they all work together to supply every part of the body the nutrition it needs.

However, blood circulation does not simply stop there. It is also responsible for supplying the body with adult stem cells, which is the body's toolbox that can repair injuries or fight off illness and disease. 

In addition, these cells have the power to produce insulin, help regenerate bones, and repair damaged heart muscles, such as when a heart attack happens.

Blood also circulates white blood cells, which is the body's first line of defense against bacteria and viruses. Hormones and plasma are also circulating through the blood. Our body needs hormones for it to function properly as they are responsible for stimulating cell growth, controlling metabolism and the immune system, controlling aging, reproductive growth and sexual functions. Plasma, on the other hand, allows the body to transport and distribute nutrients and hormones, as well as waste products.

Since what goes in must also come out; proper blood circulation is also responsible for excreting carbon dioxide, the waste products of oxygen, out of the body. Excess carbon dioxide reduces the ability of the blood to carry oxygen to every part of the body.

What is the Risk of Poor Blood Circulation?

Blood circulation is important for the body to function efficiently. Few actually pay attention that blood vessels are only one cell wide or about 8 micrometers to 25,000 micrometers. They are so tiny that only through a microscope can you observe them. This is the main reason why these blood vessels should be free flowing at all times. Clogged blood vessels can cause deadly diseases, such as atherosclerosis, heart attack, and stroke.

Different factors lead to clogged blood vessels. By far, the most common cause of a blood clot is through build-up of free radicals because of oxidative stress. Free radicals are purposely produced by cells to neutralize bacteria and viruses. However, excess of these substances leads to their instability. Once this happens, they can attack or kill the nearest molecule, whether be a cell or a tissue, stealing their electron. This leads to a chain reaction resulting in the destruction of a living cell. This is extremely dangerous as it linked to causing cancer, kidney failure, and other ailments.

Build up of plaque also leads to blood clots. The fatty foods we eat can cause cholesterol plaque that cause stagnant flow of blood. When too much blood becomes clogged, it can result in high pressure causing the blood vessels to rupture, reducing proper blood flow and supply of nutrients.

Blood clots can cause a wide scope of issues. However, its main concern is the dysfunction of all major parts of the body. Once our cells, tissues, brain, and organs are not supplied properly by the oxygen and nutrients it needs, it can be deadly.

How Does Exercise Improve Blood Circulation?

There is a natural process to improving blood circulation; the most effective of which is through exercise. Regular exercise, and a personal training program, have been found to improve blood vessel functions by protecting their inner lining. This in turn slows down the process of aging. Blood vessels stay in shape and keep it well functioned.

Studies also showed that exercise can help blood vessels dilate more, if the heart needs abundant blood. Exercise can trigger the production of nitric oxide, a substance that helps the blood vessels expand.

And because of our sedentary lifestyle accompanied by poor eating habit, our blood vessels are vulnerable to plaque because of the build-up of "bad" cholesterol. Exercise can reduce the cholesterol level by boosting high-density lipoprotein or HDL instead.

Furthermore, exercise has been found out to produce antioxidants that eliminate free-radicals that can cause blood clot. Antioxidants can be produced in two ways, through the consumption of foods rich in Vitamin A, C, and E, and through metabolism. And since exercise can increase the metabolic rate, it also affects production of antioxidants that result in reduction of free-radicals.

Lastly, exercise increases production of oxygen, which helps proper blood circulation. During cardio and the exercise process, heart rate increases as the body demands more oxygen. As the heart pumps, every part of the body is now supplied with blood rich in oxygen and nutrients, leading to a healthier you.

Exercise has numerous benefits.  Few are aware of the scope of its benefits within the body, not just by lowering bad cholesterol or for losing weight, but for the betterment of our overall health, including proper blood circulation.

Elizabeth Crutchfield and HomeBodies NYC Personal Trainers have been servicing the New York City and Westchester County areas for over 25 Years. Learn more about the benefits of regular exercise and improving your health and well-being by visiting their website at